Hypertension is a sustained systolic pressure or above 140mmhg or diastolic blood pressure exceeding 90mmhg as commonly measured. Blood pressure is an indication of antennal pressure in vessels of the upper arm. The measurement is obtained by using the instrument called sphygmanometer. High blood pressure (hypertension) is one of the most prevalent vascular disease worldwide.
Blood pressure usually increase as a person ages. However, some increase is caused by ARTHROSCLEROSIS, as plaque build-up in arteries, the arteries become less flexible and cannot expand. When vessels remain rigid, blood pressure remains high, eventually the plaque begins to choke off the blood supply to the kidney decreasing their ability to control blood volume and in turn blood pressure.
LIFE STYLE MODIFICATION FOR PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT OF HYPERTENSION
Maintain adequate intake of dietary potassium, calcium magnesium.
Reduce intake of dietary saturated fat and cholesterol.
NUTRITIONAL MANAGEMENT OF HYPERTENSION
Recent studies have shown that diet rich in calcium, potassium and magnesium and low in sodium leads to a decrease in blood pressure. Overall, a diet rich in low fat and non- fat diary- products, fruits, vegetable, whole grains and some nuts can substantially reduce blood pressure.